From Shirk is to seek aid from other than Allaah or call upon other than Him


Chapter: From Shirk is to seek aid from other than Allaah or call upon other than Him

And His statement:

وَلَا تَدْعُ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُكَ وَلَا يَضُرُّكَۖ فَإِن فَعَلْتَ فَإِنَّكَ إِذًا مِّنَ ٱلظَّٰلِمِينَ
وَإِن يَمْسَسْكَ ٱللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ فَلَا كَاشِفَ لَهُۥٓ إِلَّا هُوَۖ وَإِن يُرِدْكَ بِخَيْرٍ فَلَا رَآدَّ لِفَضْلِهِۦۚ يُصِيبُ بِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ مِنْ عِبَادِهِۦۚ وَهُوَ ٱلْغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ

“And invoke not besides Allaah, any that will neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). And if Allaah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes it to reach whomsoever of His slaves He will. And He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Yunus: 106-107]

And His statement:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ لَا يَمْلِكُونَ لَكُمْ رِزْقًا فَٱبْتَغُوا۟ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرِّزْقَ وَٱعْبُدُوهُ وَٱشْكُرُوا۟ لَهُۥٓۖ إِلَيْهِ تُرْجَعُونَ

“Verily, those whom you worship besides Allaah have no power to give you provision, so seek your provision from Allaah (Alone), and worship Him (Alone), and be grateful to Him. To Him (Alone) you will be brought back.” [Al-‘Ankabut: 17]

And His statement:

وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّن يَدْعُوا۟ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَن لَّا يَسْتَجِيبُ لَهُۥٓ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ ٱلْقِيَٰمَةِ وَهُمْ عَن دُعَآئِهِمْ غَٰفِلُونَ وَإِذَا حُشِرَ ٱلنَّاسُ كَانُوا۟ لَهُمْ أَعْدَآءً وَكَانُوا۟ بِعِبَادَتِهِمْ كَٰفِرِينَ

“And who is more astray than one who calls (invokes) besides Allaah, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are (even) unaware of their calls (invocations) to them?
And when mankind are gathered (on the Day of Resurrection), they (false deities) will become enemies for them and will deny their worshipping.” [Al-Ahqaf: 5-6]

And His statement:

أَمَّن يُجِيبُ ٱلْمُضْطَرَّ إِذَا دَعَاهُ وَيَكْشِفُ ٱلسُّوٓءَ وَيَجْعَلُكُمْ خُلَفَآءَ ٱلْأَرْضِۗ أَءِلَٰهٌ مَّعَ ٱللَّهِۚ

“Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to the distressed one, when he calls Him, and Who removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the earth, generations after generations. Is there any ilaah (god) with Allaah?” [An-Naml: 62]

And Tabraani reported with his chain “That there was during the time of the Prophet ﷺ a Munaafiq who used to harm the believers, so some of them said: “Let us go and seek aid in the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ, so the Prophet ﷺ said: “Verily aid is not sought through me, rather it is sought with Allaah.”

In it are Masaa’il (topics):

The First: That ‘Atf of Du’aa for Istighaathah is from ‘Atf of the general over the specific.

The Second: Tafseer of His statement:

وَلَا تَدْعُ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُكَ وَلَا يَضُرُّكَۖ

“And invoke not besides Allah, any that will neither profit you, nor hurt you.” [Yunus: 106]

The Third: That this is Major Shirk.

The Fourth: That if the the most upright of people did it to please others he would become from the oppressor’s.

The Fifth: Tafseer of the verse which is after it.

The Sixth: It being that it doesn’t benefit in the Dunyaa, along with it being Kufr.

The Seventh: Tafseer of the third verse.

The Eighth: That it’s not befitting to seek provisions except from Allaah, just as Jannah is not sought except from Him.

The Nineth: Tafseer of the fourth verse.

The Tenth: That there is none more astray than one who calls upon other than Allaah.

The Eleventh: That he is unaware of the call of the one calling, he doesn’t know about it.

The Twelfth: That that call is a means of the hatred of the one being called to the one calling, and his enmity to him.

The Thirteenth: Calling that call an act of worship to the one being called.

The Fourteenth: The rejecting of the one being called in this (being an) act of worship.

The Fifthteenth: It’s a means being that he is the most astray of people.

The Sixteenth: Tafseer of the fifth verse.

The Seventeenth: The strange affair, and it’s the affirmation of the worshippers of idols that none answers the call of the one in distress except Allaah, and due to this they call upon Him in hard times making the religion sincerely for Him.

The Eighteenth: The protection of the Mustafaa ﷺ of the private pasture of Tawheed, and manners with Allaah.

Benefited from: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him.


Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi

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