How do we understand the ruling on science of hadeeth. ?
Science of Hadith is derived from the proofs of Al Quran and As Sunnah.
From the Quran :
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنْ جَاءَكُمْ فَاسِقٌ بِنَبَإٍ فَتَبَيَّنُوا أَنْ تُصِيبُوا قَوْمًا بِجَهَالَةٍ فَتُصْبِحُوا عَلَى مَا فَعَلْتُمْ نَادِمِينَ
The interpretation is :
“O you who believe! If a rebellious evil person comes to you with a news, verify it, lest you harm
people in ignorance, and afterwards you become regretful to what you have done.”
From the Sunnah :
The hadith of Ali ibn Abi Talib Radiallahu Anhu and hadith of Al Mugheerah Ibn Shu’bah and others from the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) :
‘Whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire.'” (Narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim)
So the Sceince of Hadith is based upon these proofs and from other than these. So when ever a trust-worthy narrator hears the narration from other similar narrator then the Hadith becomes “Saheeh” and established, so it becomes compulsary to act upon what the Hadith indicates. We are ordered to follow what ever narrated to us and we are prohibited to go into deep which is secluded from us.
Answer by : Shaykh Muhammad Bajmaal
Translated by : AbdnNoor al Hindy and Majid Jawad al Afghany.